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Spring - Receiving lifecycle callbacks by implementing InitializingBean and DisposableBean

[Last Updated: Jun 11, 2021]

The interface InitializingBean has one method afterPropertiesSet which is called by spring framework after it has set all bean properties.

The interface DisposableBean has one method destroy which is called by spring framework when JVM sends the shutdown signal.

Example

package com.logicbig.example;

public class OtherBean {
  private String message;

  public OtherBean(String message) {
      this.message = message;
  }

  @Override
  public String toString() {
      return "OtherBean{" +
              "message='" + message + '\'' +
              '}';
  }
}
package com.logicbig.example;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.DisposableBean;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.InitializingBean;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;

public class MyBean implements InitializingBean, DisposableBean {
  private OtherBean otherBean;

  public MyBean() {
      System.out.println("MyBean constructor");
  }

  @Override
  public void afterPropertiesSet() {
      System.out.println("myPostConstruct()");
  }

  @Autowired
  public void setOtherBean(OtherBean otherBean) {
      System.out.println("setOtherBean(): " + otherBean);
      this.otherBean = otherBean;
  }

  public void doSomething() {
      System.out.println("doSomething()");
  }

  @Override
  public void destroy() {
      System.out.println("cleanUp method");
  }
}
package com.logicbig.example;

import org.springframework.context.ConfigurableApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.AnnotationConfigApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
public class LifeCycleExample {

  @Bean
  public MyBean myBean() {
      return new MyBean();
  }

  @Bean
  public OtherBean otherBean() {
      return new OtherBean("Hello from other Bean");
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) {
      ConfigurableApplicationContext context =
              new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext(LifeCycleExample.class);

      context.registerShutdownHook();

      System.out.println("-- accessing bean --");
      MyBean bean = context.getBean(MyBean.class);
      bean.doSomething();

      System.out.println("-- finished --");
  }
}

Output

MyBean constructor
setOtherBean(): OtherBean{message='Hello from other Bean'}
myPostConstruct()
-- accessing bean --
doSomething()
-- finished --
cleanUp method

Example Project

Dependencies and Technologies Used:

  • spring-context 5.3.8: Spring Context. Version Compatibility: 3.2.3.RELEASE - 5.3.8 Version List
    ×

    Version compatibilities of spring-context with this example:

    • 3.2.3.RELEASE
    • 3.2.4.RELEASE
    • 3.2.5.RELEASE
    • 3.2.6.RELEASE
    • 3.2.7.RELEASE
    • 3.2.8.RELEASE
    • 3.2.9.RELEASE
    • 3.2.10.RELEASE
    • 3.2.11.RELEASE
    • 3.2.12.RELEASE
    • 3.2.13.RELEASE
    • 3.2.14.RELEASE
    • 3.2.15.RELEASE
    • 3.2.16.RELEASE
    • 3.2.17.RELEASE
    • 3.2.18.RELEASE
    • 4.0.0.RELEASE
    • 4.0.1.RELEASE
    • 4.0.2.RELEASE
    • 4.0.3.RELEASE
    • 4.0.4.RELEASE
    • 4.0.5.RELEASE
    • 4.0.6.RELEASE
    • 4.0.7.RELEASE
    • 4.0.8.RELEASE
    • 4.0.9.RELEASE
    • 4.1.0.RELEASE
    • 4.1.1.RELEASE
    • 4.1.2.RELEASE
    • 4.1.3.RELEASE
    • 4.1.4.RELEASE
    • 4.1.5.RELEASE
    • 4.1.6.RELEASE
    • 4.1.7.RELEASE
    • 4.1.8.RELEASE
    • 4.1.9.RELEASE
    • 4.2.0.RELEASE
    • 4.2.1.RELEASE
    • 4.2.2.RELEASE
    • 4.2.3.RELEASE
    • 4.2.4.RELEASE
    • 4.2.5.RELEASE
    • 4.2.6.RELEASE
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    • 4.3.5.RELEASE
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    • 4.3.11.RELEASE
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    • 4.3.15.RELEASE
    • 4.3.16.RELEASE
    • 4.3.17.RELEASE
    • 4.3.18.RELEASE
    • 4.3.19.RELEASE
    • 4.3.20.RELEASE
    • 4.3.21.RELEASE
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    • 4.3.23.RELEASE
    • 4.3.24.RELEASE
    • 4.3.25.RELEASE
    • 4.3.26.RELEASE
    • 4.3.27.RELEASE
    • 4.3.28.RELEASE
    • 4.3.29.RELEASE
    • 4.3.30.RELEASE
    • 5.0.0.RELEASE
    • 5.0.1.RELEASE
    • 5.0.2.RELEASE
    • 5.0.3.RELEASE
    • 5.0.4.RELEASE
    • 5.0.5.RELEASE
    • 5.0.6.RELEASE
    • 5.0.7.RELEASE
    • 5.0.8.RELEASE
    • 5.0.9.RELEASE
    • 5.0.10.RELEASE
    • 5.0.11.RELEASE
    • 5.0.12.RELEASE
    • 5.0.13.RELEASE
    • 5.0.14.RELEASE
    • 5.0.15.RELEASE
    • 5.0.16.RELEASE
    • 5.0.17.RELEASE
    • 5.0.18.RELEASE
    • 5.0.19.RELEASE
    • 5.0.20.RELEASE
    • 5.1.0.RELEASE
    • 5.1.1.RELEASE
    • 5.1.2.RELEASE
    • 5.1.3.RELEASE
    • 5.1.4.RELEASE
    • 5.1.5.RELEASE
    • 5.1.6.RELEASE
    • 5.1.7.RELEASE
    • 5.1.8.RELEASE
    • 5.1.9.RELEASE
    • 5.1.10.RELEASE
    • 5.1.11.RELEASE
    • 5.1.12.RELEASE
    • 5.1.13.RELEASE
    • 5.1.14.RELEASE
    • 5.1.15.RELEASE
    • 5.1.16.RELEASE
    • 5.1.17.RELEASE
    • 5.1.18.RELEASE
    • 5.1.19.RELEASE
    • 5.1.20.RELEASE
    • 5.2.0.RELEASE
    • 5.2.1.RELEASE
    • 5.2.2.RELEASE
    • 5.2.3.RELEASE
    • 5.2.4.RELEASE
    • 5.2.5.RELEASE
    • 5.2.6.RELEASE
    • 5.2.7.RELEASE
    • 5.2.8.RELEASE
    • 5.2.9.RELEASE
    • 5.2.10.RELEASE
    • 5.2.11.RELEASE
    • 5.2.12.RELEASE
    • 5.2.13.RELEASE
    • 5.2.14.RELEASE
    • 5.2.15.RELEASE
    • 5.3.0
    • 5.3.1
    • 5.3.2
    • 5.3.3
    • 5.3.4
    • 5.3.5
    • 5.3.6
    • 5.3.7
    • 5.3.8

    Versions in green have been tested.

  • JDK 8
  • Maven 3.8.1

Implementing InitializingBean and DisposableBean Select All Download
  • spring-lifecycle-callbacks-using-Initializing-disposable-bean
    • src
      • main
        • java
          • com
            • logicbig
              • example
                • MyBean.java

    See Also